Etymology of Agarwood

Agarwood Chips

Agarwood, the term for Aquilaria trees which have become infected with the Phialophora parasitica mold, which causes them to exude a fragrant resin. Many people throughout the world consider agarwood to be the most divine smelling material available.

Agarwood is known under many different names throughout the world.

The most common alternative names for agarwood are aloeswood, eagle-wood, and lignum aloes but there are many other regional names for it as well.

  • In Assamese, agarwood is known as “xasi”.
  • In Bengali, agarwood is known as “agor gach”.
  • In Odia, agarwood is known as “agara”.
  • In Cambodia, agarwood is known as “chann crassna”.
  • In Hindi, agarwood is known as “agar”.
  • In Sinhala, agarwood is known as “Walla Patta”.
  • In Tamil, agarwood is known as “akil”.
  • In Telegu and Kannada, agarwood is known by “aguru”.
  • In Chinese, agarwood is known as “Chénxiāng”.
  • In Korean, agarwood is known as “Chimhyang”.
  • In Japan, agarwood is often referred to as “Jinko”, but there are several different grades and classifications of it such as in the Rikkoku Gomi.
  • In Tibet, agarwood is known as “agaru”.
  • In the Middle East, agarwood is often referred to as “oud”.
  • In Europe, agarwood is known as Lignum aquila or Eagle-wood.
  • In Indonesia and Malay, agarwood is known as “gaharu”..
  • In Papua New Guinea, agarwood is known as “ghara” or eagle-wood.
  • In Thai, agarwood is known as “mai kritsana”.
  • In Laos, agarwood is known as “mai ketsana”.
  • In Myanmar, agarwood is known as “thit mhwae”.
  • In Vietnam, agarwood is known as “trầm hương”.

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